CIS PostgreSQL Search Help

  1. Author specification
  2. Title specification
  3. Keyword/Title specification
  4. Journal specification
  5. Wildcards and special characters
  6. Publication Types restriction
  7. Years restriction
  8. Display options
  9. Partial Match searches
  10. Combining results from previous searches
  11. Importing to reference management software
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Author/Editor specification

Enter one or more author specifications separate by the + sign, or leave blank if no author/editor restriction is to be specified. Examples:

Each author specification is interpreted as the LEADING part of the string for a single author name, with surname (family name, "last" name) first. Case, i.e. small and capital letters, is ignored. Apostrophes may be used, as in O'Reilly, Mark.

You may search for only editors or only authors by checking and unchecking the appropriate boxes.

If one "word" is typed, it will be treated as the beginning of the name and all names will be matched that match that beginning. A comma at the end terminates the lastname, forcing an exact match on the lastname. Any other character will cause a nonmatch. A lastname with first name or initial should be entered as "lastname, firstname", where firstname can be a partial or whole name and/or initials. Examples follow:

Jeffers Surname begins with Jeffers, including "Jeffers", "Jefferson", etc.
Jeffers, Surname is exactly Jeffers
Jeffers, A Includes "Jeffers, A.", but also "Jeffers, Alex" or "Jeffers, A. Fred"
Jeffers, A. Includes "Jeffers, A." and "Jeffers, A. Fred" but not "Jeffers, Alex"

The same name might appear in several different forms depending on the author's preferences and journal style. On the other hand, different people's names might appear the same, especially if they were published using initial rather than the full form. CIS indexes by the name as it appeared in the publication, and therefore it is up to the user to check different forms and to determine which articles are actually by the same author. The "Partial author match" option (in the second section of the query form) can be used to identify alternative forms of a name.

Title specification

This box may contain one or more title specifications separated by the + sign. If the box is left empty, no title restriction will be applied.

Each title specification may a single word or a phrase that appears in the title of the article or book, or a complete title. If it is a phrase, it must appear exactly as entered (i.e., consecutive words without differences of punctuation; case is ignored). This search will NOT find words appearing as keywords but not in the title.

To find more than one word when you do not know exactly in what order they appear, use the + sign. For example, upper limit will only find titles in which those words appear together, but upper + limit will find "upper confidence limit", "upper credible limit", and "limit of upper bounds".

Keyword/Title specification

This box may contain one or more keyword or title specifications separated by the + sign. If the box is left empty, no keyword or title restriction will be applied except possibly through the "title" field.

Each keyword/title specification may a single word or a phrase that appears either in the title of the article or book or in the keywords. The reason that both titles and keywords are included is that keywords are usually selected to avoid duplication with words appearing in the title, so a search on keyword alone would miss some relevant publications. If it is a phrase, it must appear exactly as entered (i.e., consecutive words without differences of punctuation; case is ignored).

To find more than one word when you do not know exactly in what order or combination they appear, use the + sign. For example, upper limit will only find items in which those words appear together either in the title or in the same keyword phrase. But upper + limit will find "upper confidence limit", "upper credible limit", and "limit of upper bounds" in either title or keywords. It will also find items with "upper bound" as a keyword phrase and "limit theorems" in the title.

Journal/Proceedings name specification

This box may contain a journal, proceedings or edited book name (complete or partial). The search will be restricted to articles appearing in publications whose names (or title of a book) match the specification. If the box is left empty, no such restriction will be applied.

The partial or complete name must exactly match the name (full or part) of the journal, proceedings, or edited book in which the searched articles must appear, with no differences in punctuation or missing words in the middle of the phrase. The use of + to join separate phrases is not supported in this field, but wildcards can be used.

This field can used to select a journal, a proceedings volume or an edited book volume, that is a book containing articles by different authors that are indexed separately. Note that the items that will be found are the articles or chapters in the volume, not the volume itself. To find the entry for the entire book or proceedings volume, use the ordinary "Title" field appearing above.

Wildcards, exact matches, spacing, special characters (punctuation in names), accents:

Wildcards: "Wildcards" can be used in most search fields. Three wildcard characters are recognized. The "%" sign (percent) matches any sequence of 0 or more characters. The "_" (underscore) matches any single character. The "#" (hash) sign matches a blank space. Some examples of author searches:

Exact matching: Most search fields assume by default that there is a wildcard match at one or both ends. The implicit wildcard is assumed at the tail end only for names, and at both the beginning and tail end for titles, keywords, and journal names. This allows partial matches. For example, author "Smith," matches the last name Smith with any given names. (Note that the comma is needed: "Smith" would match with "Smithers" as well as "Smith".) Similarly, "ridge" as a title/keyword string would match anything containing that string including "Cambridge" or "bridge".

The wildcard can be suppressed by using the "@" character at the appropriate end of the string. Thus, for example, "Smith, George" as an author name would match "Smith, George", "Smith, Georges" and "Smith, George J.", but "Smith, George@" only matches exactly that name. Similarly, "@ridge#" only matches phrases beginning with the word "ridge". (Titles or keywords with the word "ridge" after the first word would be matched by "#ridge#".)

Spacing: The internal form of most text strings requires that there be a single space between words or after a comma, to make a match. To simplify entry and minimize errors, most entry fields are filtered to force them into that "normalized" format: sequences of more than one blank are reduced to a single blank, and a blank is inserted after a comma if needed. To suppress this behaviour, a ":" (colon) can be placed at the beginning of the query string.

Names with accents sometimes can be searched by entering the name with all the accents stripped off (e.g. Csorgo instead of Csörgö), but in the present version of the database this is not too reliable. Try with wildcards "%" and "_".

Publication Type restriction

Each of the following check-boxes allows you to include (check) or exclude (uncheck) a type of publication in your search.

Note that "Books/Proceedings" controls the inclusion of the volumes themselves while "Proceedings Articles" controls inclusion of the individual articles or chapters published within these volumes.

Year restriction

Specify a beginning year (first box) or an end year (second box) for your search, or both. If you leave either box empty, the corresponding restriction (start or end of period) is considered unlimited.

Display Filters

Results per page: You can specify the maximum number of results that will be returned on each page of output. If the search output does not fit on one page of output, each page will have links to display the following or preceding page.

Output format: Six output formats are available, as described below. Of these, the first three are designed primarily for viewing, and the last three are designed for entry into bibliography management programs.

Partial Match searches

These searches are used to identify information that might be found by a broader search, without overwhelming the user with all the details of those searches. The options are Partial Author, Partial Keyword, Journal Coverage, and Proceedings/Edited Book Coverage searches.

Partial author match

This option is used to identify alternative spellings of author names using the leading characters, to determine the number of entries for each year for an author, and to obtain a bibliography for an author. The output from this type of query is a list of matching author names with years and (in parentheses) the number of items for each year. The names must match from the beginning, but if the specified name is not complete, all possible completions of the end will be matched.

The author name is a link, and if selected it returns that author's full bibliography (for the name in that exact form). Each year is also a link, and if selected it returns that author's bibliography for the year with a count of citations.

Note that because CIS lists author names exactly as they appear in the original publication, the same author may appear in several different forms (with initials, full name, nicknames, etc.). This option is useful for identifying such alternative forms. For example, you may find "Jones, James" and "Jones, J. K." which are alternative forms for the same author, as well as "Jones, John" who is a different author. You might also find entries for "Jones, J." which could belong to either of those authors, or both. After viewing the alternative forms, you might be able to formulate a query or series of queries that will find all the desired forms.

Partial keyword match

This option is used to identify keyword phrases including a given string, appearing anywhere in the phrase. CIS keywords are not drawn from a standardized list. This option helps you to find a variety of keywords that might be relevant to your topic. Each keyword phrase is a link to articles indexed by that phrase. Note that this search does not find articles containing the same phrase in the title.

Journal coverage

This search counts articles that were indexed from a journal in a given year. Any substring appearing within the journal title will be matched. Proceedings and edited books are not included in this search; see separate option below.

Among the possible uses of this feature are (1) to verify the correct form of a journal title and (2) to determine what years are covered by CIS for a given journal, and surmise whether the article was indexed completely or only selected articles were indexed. Each year is a link to the complete CIS contents for that journal in that year, which for a core journal is essentially the table of contents for that volume.

Proceedings/Edited Book coverage

This search counts articles that were indexed from a proceedings or edited book volume in a given year. Any substring appearing within the volume title will be matched.

The title is a link to the entire collection of listings of chapters or articles under that title. Each year, for a proceedings series with multiple years under the same title, is a link to the complete CIS contents for that proceedings series in that year. In either case what will be returned is essentially the table of contents for the volume or collection of volumes, if it is fully indexed.

Combining results of previous searches

Previous searches (up to 10) are summarized above. These may be combined using "AND" (intersection) or "OR" (union). Check (click) the boxes in front of the searches you wish to include in the action. Then select the desired action. One action permits you to delete a search from the list, to save room for new ones.

Searches obtained by combining previous searches will not appear on the list.

Importing to reference management software

You can save your search results on your local computer by saving the browser contents as Text (or as HTML if you want to save HTML formating).

Results in Refer format are recognized by some reference management programs. To import your search results into the Endnote program, use the following steps:

  1. Submit your CIS query and specify "Refer" output format.
  2. Save the returned results from your browser to a file as Text.
  3. Open your Endnote library and select File>Import.
  4. Choose either EndNote Import or Refer as the import option.
  5. Browse to the text file you saved as the import file.
  6. Click Import and voila -- your citations are added to your library!

For ProCite users: download here an input filter for importing Refer into Procite.This is somewhat limited because all items will be imported as articles, but it should help with the bulk of the citation information. (Check first whether your version of Procite will directly import from Refer format.)

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